Chain (Abbreviated as: ch)
Chain stitch is the basis of many crochet projects. Thefirst thing to do when you start your project is to create a series of chains. Use your crochet hook to make a slip knot and while the hook is still inside the crochet hook yarn over and pull the yarn through the loop (1) and tighten the loop to form the chain stitch(2). Yarn over and pull the yarn through the loop(3). Now you have created a chain stitch. To create multiple chains, repeat these steps as specified in the pattern.
Single Crochet (Abbreviated as: sc)
Single crochet is also one of the mostused techniques in amigurumi.To form a single crochet stitch;insert your hook in to the center of next stitch (1) and yarn over. Pull the yarn through the stitch (2).
Now you will see that there are two loops on the hook. Yarn over and pull the yarn through two loops on the hook. (3). Single crochet is complete(4).
To continue, place the hook on the next stitch (5)and repeat the same steps.
Increase (Abbreviated as: inc)
To increase the width of a basic crochet fabric, 2 or more stitches must be worked into 1 stitch at the point specified in the project instructions. Single crochet, half double crochet, double crochet, and longer stitches are all increased in the same manner. Work a single crochet into the specified stitch.
Work a second single crochet into the same stitch.
Decrease (Abbreviated as: dec)
As the standard decrease method may leave a small bumpor gap,invisible decrease method is commonly used while crocheting toys. It is an alternative decreasing method that make st he stitches look neater.Insert the hook in to the front loop of your first stitch. Now insert the hook in to the front loop of the second stitch (1). Now there are three loops on your hook. Yarn over and pull through first two loops on the hook (2)Now there are two loops on the hook. yarn over pull through both loops on the hook(3) One loop remains on the hook and invisible decrease is complete.
Slip Stitch (Abbreviated as: slst)
A slip stitch is used tomove through one or more stitches at a time or to finish a part. Insert the hook in to the next stitch(1).
Yarn over,pull theyarn through the stitch and the loop on the hook in one motion(2). Slip stitch is complete.
Half Double Crochet (Abbreviated as: hdc)
When starting armor round of half double crochet, chain two to achieve height. Yarn over and insert the hook in to the next stitch(1) Yarn over again and pull the yarn through the stitch. You should now have three loops on the hook(2). Yarn over one more time and pull the yarn through all three loops (3). The first Half Double Crochet is complete. To continue,repeat the same steps starting with yarn over. (4).
Double Crochet (Abbreviated as: dc)
When starting in a rowor round of double crochet, chain 2 to achieve height. Yarn over and insert the hook in to the next stitch(1). Yarn over again and pull yarn through the stitch and draw up a loop. Now there are three loops hook (2). Yarn over and pull the yarn through the first two loops on the hook(3). Now there are two loops on the hook. Yarn over again and pull yarn through there maining two loops on the hook(4). One Double Crochet Stitch is complete. To continue, yarn over, insert the hook in to the next stitch and repeat the same steps starting with yarn over(5).
TRIPLE/TREBLE CROCHET (Abbreviatedas:tr)
When you make triple/treble crochet, chain three to achieve height. Yarn over twice (1) Insert your hook in to the next stitch, yarn over and pull up a loop.Now there are four loops on your hook. Yarn over and pul lthrough the first two loops on your hook. Now you have three loops on your hook. Yarn over and pull through two loops. Yarn over one more time and pull through both loops. One Triple/Treble Crochet Stitch is complete.
Front Loops Only (Abbreviatedas:FLO)
Back Loops Only (Abbreviated as: BLO)
Almost every crochet stitch has a V shape at the top. There are two loops that form the V and normally you insert your hook under the both loops that make up that V shape unless the wise stated. To work BLO or FLO stitches you should insert your hook only in to the specified loop.
The front loop is always the one closest to you (FLO). The back loop is always the one further away from you (BLO).
To do a FLO stitch insert your hook in to the front loop of the stitch.To do a BLO stitch insert your hook in to the back loop of the stitch.
Front Loops Only
Bobble crochet stitch is similar to popcorn stitch in that you work all of the stitches into the same loop and secure them at the top. However, the stitches will not be fully complete as you work, and you will join them at the end without removing your hook from the work (in contrast to what would be done in popcorn stitch).
Double crochet into the stitch where you are going to make your popcorn but leave the final loop on the hook. The steps to do this are: Yarn over, insert hook into stitch, yarn over and pull through (three loops on hook), yarn over and pull through 2 of the loops. Note that to complete the double crochet you would yarn over again and pull through the last two loops, but you are skipping that step here.
Repeat the previous step four more times so that you have four not-quite-complete dc stitches worked into the same stitch. There will be five loops on the hook.
When you want to switch from one color to another, crochet the last stitch as usual but do not pull the final loop through(1) Instead, wrap the new color yarn around your hook and pull through the two loops of the old colour(2) To make a smooth color change, you can make the first stitch in the new color as a slst instead of single crochet stitch. Do not pull slst firmly, it would be difficult to make a stitch in to in the following round. Do not forget to tie the old and new yarn before cutting the old colour yarn.
The magic ring is the ideal way for the beginning of amigurumi projects.You start with an adjustable stitch and finally pull the stitch tightly when you have completed there quired number of stitches. This technique allows you to start with a tightly closed center in stead of a big hole in the middle.
Start with forming a circle (1). Use your crochet hook to pull up a loop from the working yarn(do not pull up firmly) (2). Hold the circle with your fingers where the two yarns cross (3). Chainonebywrappingtheyarn on thehookandpulling it throughtheloopon thehook (4, 5).
Work the stitches in to the magic ring, over both the loop it self and the tail end.(6) The first single crochet stitch is complete.Single crochet as many stitches as the pattern states(repeat steps 6,7,8) Now pull the tail end to draw up the ring.(9, 10).
Now, you can join with a slst in to the first stitch to start a new round.You can use a stitch marker to mark the first stitch.
If you do not prefer this technique, you can use the following technique:
Chain two and use the first chain stitch as a magic ring. After making single crochet stitches, join with a slst in to the first stitch to start a new round.